Glossary of Windows Terms (A-L)accelerator key : A keyboard shortcut for a command. For example, Ctrl + Alt + Delete is an accelerator key for the task manager in Windows 95.
activate : To make a window active by bringing it to the front.
active window : The current window that is being used.
applet : A small application that cannot run by itself.
application : A computer program.
associate : To link a file with a certain program. This way, when you double-click on an associated file, it will open the correct program.
Async SRAM (Asynchronous SRAM) : Async SRAM is not synchronized with the system clock, so the CPU must wait for requested data from the L2 cache.
Asynchronous SRAM (Async SRAM) : Async SRAM is not synchronized with the system clock, so the CPU must wait for requested data from the L2 cache.
attribute : A characteristic or property.
auto arrange : In Windows Explorer, selecting auto arrange will lock any visible icons into a grid or pattern.
background operation : This is an action performed by an application when another application is already active.
backup : A Windows 95 program that allows the user to back up files from a hard disk onto a floppy disk, another computer, or tape drive.
BIOS : Basic Input/Output System.
batch program : A text file that tells Windows 95 to perform one or more actions in order.
binary : A numbering system which uses only two values : 0 and 1.
BEDO RAM (Burst Extended-data-out RAM) : Can handle 4 data elements in one burst, which allows the last 3 elements to avoid the delay of the first.
binary file : Any file that has characters other than text.
bits per second (BPS) : A data transmission speed measurement over a serial link.
boot partition : The partition of the hard disk that holds the Windows 95 operating system.
browse : To examine and search through files, directories, the Internet etc.
Burst Extended-data-out RAM (BEDO RAM) : Can handle 4 data elements in one burst, which allows the last 3 elements to avoid the delay of the first.
cascade : An arrangement of Windows so each window is neatly stacked with only the title bar of each window is showing.
CD-ROM drive : A disk drive which uses thin round discs. The amount of information stored on these discs can be very large, and read quickly. A CD-ROM drive is what reads these discs.
check box : A dialog box, usually square, that records an on or off value.
clear : Normally refers to removing the check from a checkbox.
clicking : Swiftly pressing and releasing a mouse button.
client : Any workstation that connects to another computer's resources.
clipart : Any image that you can use to add into a document. Clipart comes in many varieties of file types including .CGM, .BMP, .GIF, and .WMF formats.
clipboard : A temporary storage location in Windows. The clipart will store one piece of information at a time when it is manually added to the clipart or is copied there.
close button : The X in the upper right corner of a window. When clicked, it will close the current window.
collapsing : Hiding an additional level of directories beneath the selected directory in My Computer or Windows Explorer.
color scheme : A selection of colors that the user sees when using Windows. These colors make up the display of applications, dialog boxes, etc.
COM : COM refers to a serial port on which a peripheral is connected to. A COM port is a communications port. Peripherals plugged into COM ports usually include modems and mice.
command : An option form an application's menu, or a command typed in by the user, such as at a DOS prompt or at the Run dialog box in Windows.
command button : A command button, when clicked, will cause an action to occur.
connection : An established communication session between a server and a workstation.
control menu : Any menu that exists in every window and allows the user to change its settings such as its size and position.
Control Panel : A system utility that comes with Windows that allows the use to change a variety if different Windows and system settings.
conventional memory : Memory located in the first 640K block.
CPU : Central Processing Unit. This is what you may call the "brain" of your computer.
current window : The window that you are using right now.
cursor : The representation of the mouse on-screen. Depending on your settings, the cursor can be many different things.
database : A group of files or a single file that is designed to hold recurring data types, just as if the files are lists.
data bits : The number of bits needed to transmit a single piece of information. This number is usually around 7 or 8.
default button : A command button that will activate once the user presses Enter. The default button is recognizable by a dark outline around it.
default printer : The printer that will print documents automatically if a different printer is not specified beforehand.
desktop : The area of the screen where windows are displayed.
dialog box : A message box that appears on-screen that asks the user for input or relays information to the user.
Dial-up Networking : Using a modem to dial into a remote site network.
DIMM (Dual In-line Memory Module) : A module on which RAM is packaged. DIMM's can be used individually on a Pentium motherboard.
Disk Defragmenter : A Windows 95 tool that organizes blocks of information on your hard drive to shorten the time it takes to read certain files.
docking station : An external device for use with laptop computers that provides additional options for the laptop. These include a full screen monitor, a mouse, an extra disk drive, serial ports, and many other options as well.
document : A file created by an application.
DOS : Disk Operating System. DOS refers to any Disk Operating System such as MS-DOS and PC-DOS.
double-click : Swiftly pressing the same mouse button twice, while keeping the mouse pointer stationary.
download : Retrieving a file from a BBS, an FTP site, or a remote computer.
drag : Holding the mouse button down while moving it to a different position on screen.
drag and drop : When you click your mouse once and an object and hold it, while simultaneously moving that item to a different location.
DRAM (Dynamic RAM) : The standard main memory type in most of today's computers. DRAM is stored with information as a series or charges in a capacitor.
DriveSpace : DriveSpace is a program that comes with Windows 95 that gives the user a number of options dealing with disk drives. These options include mounting and unmounting a drive, compressing and decompressing a drive, checking how much space is left on a disk drive and so on.
drop-down list : A dialog box such as a File menu that contains one command until it is clicked when a number of different commands "drop-down."
dual-boot : A dual-boot system is one that when booted, will give the user a choice to boot into either of two operating systems.
Dual In-line Memory Module (DIMM) : A module on which RAM is packaged. DIMM's can be used individually on a Pentium motherboard.
Dynamic RAM (DRAM) : The standard main memory type in most of today's computers. DRAM is stored with information as a series or charges in a capacitor.
EDO RAM (Extended-Data-Out RAM) : EDO RAM recognizes that most of the time when the CPU requests memory for a particular address, it will want some more addresses nearby.
Explorer : Windows Explorer is a program that comes with Windows 95 that is more advanced than File Manager. This program lets you manage and view files on your system.
extended memory : Extended memory refers to memory that Windows can access past the first MB (Megabyte) of memory from your system.
Extended-Data-Out RAM (EDO RAM) : EDO RAM recognizes that most of the time when the CPU requests memory for a particular address, it will want some more addresses nearby.
external command : A command that requires a separate file to run.
file allocation table (FAT) : A DOS file system that uses a file allocation table to store information locations, sizes, and properties of files saved on the disk.
file name : The name that an operating system gives to a file when it is stored to a disk.
file name extension : A three letter extension after a file name tell you what type of file it its. For example, WORD.DOC is a Word file whose file name extensions is .DOC.
font : A description of how a certain set of characters should be displayed.
folder : A folder represents a directory on disk drives. They can contain files, other folders, and programs.
FPM RAM (Fast Page-Mode RAM) : FPR RAM was the type or RAM found in all PC's before the invention of EDO RAM.
Fast Page-Mode RAM (FPM RAM) : FPR RAM was the type or RAM found in all PC's before the invention of EDO RAM.
help : A program that gives you information on how to use Windows and will assist you with any problems you may have as well.
hidden file : A file that is not visible in Windows Explorer is known as a hidden file. However, you can view these in Windows 95 by changing a setting under Options from the View menu.
host drive : The physical hard drive where DriveSpace compressed volume files exist.
hub : A passive or active multiport repeater or wiring concentrator.
hue : A numerical depiction of a color which is part of a color wheel.
I-beam : An I-beam (I) is a symbol that appears over places where text can be entered.
icon : A graphic representation of a file, folder, shortcut, program, etc.
import : To bring in an object.
inactive window : A window that is open but is not active.
insertion point : A vertical flashing line that shows the user where text will be inserted.
interface : The visible layer which allows a user to communicate with a computer.
Internet work Packet Exchange (IPX) : A network protocol created by Novell to address packets of data from ultimate destination and source nodes located on a LAN networked with NetWare.
interoperability : The ability for equipment to work together.
Interrupt Request Line (IRQ) : A conductor (line) on the internal bus of the computer which can tell the CPU to process certain data.
I/O address : Input/Output address.
IPX (Internet work Packet Exchange) : A network protocol created by Novell to address packets of data from ultimate destination and source nodes located on a LAN networked with NetWare.
IRQ (Interrupt request line) : A conductor (line) on the internal bus of the computer which can tell the CPU to process certain data.
jumpers : Small devices that act as switches between two pins of a multi-pin header.
JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) : JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group. JPEG is a committee that created a method for storing photographs on computers. Photographs on the WWW (World Wide Web) are usually in either JPEG or GIF format.
Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) : JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group. JPEG is a committee that created a method for storing photographs on computers. Photographs on the WWW (World Wide Web) are usually in either JPEG or GIF format.
kernel : Responsible for basic process and input/output execution. Also called the core of an operating system.
kernel driver : A hardware driver.
keyboard buffer : Memory where keystrokes are stored.
keyboard shortcut : A combination of keystrokes that, when pressed, will perform a certain action.
L2 Cache (Level 2 Cache) : A separate memory area configured with SRAM. The function of a L2 Cache is to stand between DRAM and the CPU.
Level 2 Cache (L2 Cache) : A separate memory area configured with SRAM. The function of a L2 Cache is to stand between DRAM and the CPU.
license : An agreement that you either agreed to or were assumed to have agreed to with most software titles. When you installed Windows 95, you agreed to the license.
linked object : Data which is stored in a document that was originally from another application.
list box : A dialog box that shows all available options.
local printer : The printer which is directly connected to the computer.
local reboot : The ability that Windows 95 has to close down a single application that is causing a problem without affecting other running programs.
logical drive : A logical drive is an extension of an existing drive. For example, you may have a hard drive that takes up more than one drive letter due to its size. A logical drive is the part of that hard drive which is not the main letter, but still part of it. Data from all logical drives is read from the same drive.
long file name : Windows 95's ability to use file names up to 256 characters long.
LPT : A parallel port in which the printer is connected to.
luminosity : Refers to the brightness of a color.